Islamabad: Significant reduction in suicide attacks in 2011
ISLAMABAD: As many as 4810 people have been killed in suicide attacks in the last nine years in Pakistan, while the number of causalities in suicide attempts has seen a considerable reduction in the year 2011, indicating significant improvement in security situation in the country, says an annual report.
The Conflict Monitoring Centre (CMC) findings on suicide attacks in Pakistan in the ongoing year compare the number of causalities in this year with those in the previous years, suggesting that 606 fatalities in 2011 on account of suicide hits stood quite lesser in number than 1167 in 2010 and 969 in 2009. The report also contains a comparative analysis of suicide attacks for the last nine years, since 2002.
According to the 15-page document, 41 suicide attacks took place this year, 49 last year, a highest number of 76 suicide attacks occurred in 2009, 59 and 58 in 2008 and 2007 respectively. It is strikingly notable that before the year 2007, the number of suicide attacks was far lesser in the previous years arguably because suicide hits increased manifolds in the post-Lal Mosque operation scenario. Seven suicide attacks had taken place in the years 2004 and 2006 each compared to four attacks in 2005 and two each in 2002 and 2003. It is also evident from the report that the number of killed persons in suicide attempts before 2007 was way lesser that the years that followed. From 2002 to 2006, the death count stood at 430 while in the year 2007 alone, 765 had lost lives in suicide attacks. A total number of 4810 people were killed in 301 attacks since 2002. The detailed break-up of the causalities is as follows: Twenty-seven killings in 2002, 69 in 2003, 89 in 2004, 84 in 2005, 161 in 2006, 765 in 2007, 893 in 2008, 1167 in 2009, 949 in 2010 and 606 in 2011.
According to the report, among the dead this year, 59 percent (358 out of 606) and 85 percent (856 out of 1002) of the injured were innocent citizens. Army lost 33 of its soldiers while 100 personnel of Frontier Corps (a paramilitary force) and 54 policemen lost their lives in these suicide attacks. Fifty-one suicide bombers were used to carry out 41 suicide attacks because in some strikes more than one human bomb was used. Among the injured were 44 army soldiers, 31 FC personnel and 71 policemen. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa saw highest number of suicide attacks and subsequent deaths. As many as 406 people were killed in 22 suicide attacks in KP. Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) was the second most-affected region after KP where militants carried out nine suicide attacks killing 76 people. In Sindh, 18 people were killed in five suicide attacks. In Balochistan, 44 people were killed in three suicide attacks while Punjab province saw two such attacks in which 61 people were killed. No suicide attack was carried out in Azad Jammu and Kashmir and Gilgit–Baltistan. In 2011, highest number of suicide attacks in a single month was observed in March when militants carried out six suicide attacks killing 92 people. Deadliest single month of the year was May when 144 people died in four suicide attempts. The number of deaths in these attacks this year declined by 48 percent.
After successful military operations in Swat and South Waziristan, the report says, militants’ capabilities to carryout high profile attacks against army installations have significantly reduced. Only four suicide attacks against military targets were recorded during 2011. Majority of the suicide attacks in 2011 targeted innocent civilians. In 23 out of 41 attacks the targets were the civilians.